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【美国民航局】在美国使用娱乐(民用、消费级)无人机的(相关规定)的新变化

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在前往其他国家使用无人机前应先了解当地相关的法律法规
以下文字取自美国民航局官网及机器的翻译,不代表其观点。
感兴趣的朋友建议直接访问https://www.faa.gov(不需要翻墙)
Recreational Flyers & Modeler Community-Based Organizations



You are considered a recreational user if you fly your drone for fun. It is important to know when and where you can fly and how to register your drone.
New Changes to Recreational Drone Flying in the United States
There's a new law (PDF) that describes how, when, and where you can fly drones for recreational purposes. Following these rules will keep you and your drone safe and will help keep the airspace available to everyone.
Here's what you need to do:
Register your drone, mark it on the outside with the registration number (PDF), and carry proof of registration with you.
Fly only for recreational purposes.
Follow the safety guidelines of a community based organization.
Fly your drone at or below 400 feet when in uncontrolled or "Class G" airspace. This is airspace where the FAA is not controlling manned air traffic. To determine what type of airspace you are in, refer to the mobile application that operates your drone (if so equipped) and/or use other drone-related mobile applications. Knowing your location and what airspace you're in will also help you avoid interfering with other aircraft.
Do NOT fly in controlled airspace (around and above many airports) unless:
You receive an airspace authorization for operations in controlled airspace through LAANC (Low Altitude Authorization and Notification Capability), before you fly. Learn more about approved LAANC UAS Service Suppliers for recreational flyers.
You are flying at a recreational flyer fixed site that has a written agreement with the FAA. The FAA has posted a list of approved sites (MS Excel) and has depicted them as blue dots on a map. Each fixed site is limited to the altitude shown on this map, which varies by location.
NOTE: If your organization is interested in establishing a letter of agreement for a fixed flying site, please contact us at 9-AJT-UAS-Integration@faa.gov.
Keep your drone within your line of sight, or within the visual line-of-sight of a visual observer who is co-located and in direct communication with you.
Do NOT fly in airspace where flight is prohibited. Airspace restrictions can be found on our interactive map, and temporary flight restrictions can be found here. Drone operators are responsible for ensuring they comply with all airspace restrictions.
Never fly near other aircraft, especially near airports.
Never fly over groups of people, public events, or stadiums full of people.
Never fly near emergencies such as any type of accident response, law enforcement activities, firefighting, or hurricane recovery efforts.
Never fly under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Recreational flyers should know that if they intentionally violate any of these safety requirements, and/or operate in a careless and reckless manner, they could be liable for criminal and/or civil penalties.
Read the Authorization for limited recreational operations as described in section 44809 (PDF). All limited recreational operations should be conducted in accordance with this authorization.
For more information, read Advisory Circular 91-57B.
Changes Coming in the Future
The new law also requires:
Drone operators to pass an online aeronautical knowledge and safety test and carry proof of test passage.
The FAA to issue guidance for how it will recognize community based organizations.
The FAA is incrementally rolling out these features and requirements.
Check our website for the latest updates or follow us on social media for the latest news.
More detailed information about the FAA's plan to fully implement the requirements of Section 349 of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 may be found on the Federal Register.
Page last modified: July 22, 2019 3:06:14 PM EDT
休闲飞手& Modeler社区组织   
如果你驾驶无人机是为了娱乐,你就会被认为是一个娱乐用户。知道何时何地可以飞行以及如何注册无人机是很重要的。

美国娱乐无人机飞行的新变化
有一项新法律(PDF)描述了如何、何时、何地驾驶无人机进行娱乐活动。遵守这些规则将保证你和你的无人机的安全,并将有助于保持每个人都可以使用的空域。

以下是你需要做的:
登记你的无人驾驶飞机,并在外面加上登记号码(PDF),并随身携带登记证明。
飞行只能是为了娱乐。
遵循社区组织的安全指南。
在不受控制或“G类”空域飞行无人机,飞行高度在400英尺或以下。这是联邦航空局没有控制载人航空交通的空域。要确定您所处的空域类型,请参考操作无人机的移动应用程序(如果装备了无人机)和/或使用其他无人机相关的移动应用程序。知道自己的位置和所在空域也有助于避免干扰其他飞机。

除非:
在飞行前,您将通过LAANC(低空授权和通知功能)获得在受控空域进行操作的空域授权。了解更多关于经过批准的LAANC UAS娱乐传单服务供应商的信息。
您正在一个与FAA有书面协议的娱乐飞行固定站点上飞行。美国联邦航空局发布了一份已获批准的站点列表(MS Excel),并将其描述为地图上的蓝点。每个固定的地点都被限制在这张地图上所显示的高度上,而高度会随着位置的不同而变化。

注意:
如果您的组织有兴趣为固定飞行站点建立协议,请通过9-AJT-UAS-Integration@faa.gov与我们联系。
保持你的无人机在你的视线之内,或者在与你处于同一位置并直接交流的视觉观察者的视线之内。禁止在禁止飞行的空域飞行。空域限制可以在我们的互动地图上找到,临时飞行限制可以在这里找到。无人机操作员有责任确保他们遵守所有的空域限制。
切勿在其他飞机附近飞行,特别是在机场附近。不要飞越人群、公共活动或挤满人的体育场。
切勿靠近紧急情况,例如任何类型的事故反应、执法活动、消防或飓风恢复工作。
不要在药物或酒精的影响下飞行。
娱乐旅客应知道,如果他们故意违反这些安全规定,并/或以粗心大意的方式操作,他们可能会受到刑事和/或民事处罚。
阅读第44809 (PDF)条所述的有限康乐活动授权书。所有有限的康乐活动均须根据本授权进行。有关详情,请参阅咨询通告91-57B。

未来的变化
新法律还要求:
无人机操作员通过在线航空知识和安全测试,并携带测试通道证明。
联邦航空局将发布指南,说明它将如何识别社区组织。
FAA正在逐步推出这些功能和要求。
查看我们的网站https://www.faa.gov/uas/recreational_fliers/获取最新消息,或者关注我们的社交媒体获取最新消息。
关于美国联邦航空局计划全面实施《2018年美国联邦航空局再授权法案》第349条要求的更多详细信息,可以在联邦登记册上找到。
最后修改:2019年7月22日美国东部时间下午3:06:14
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